کتاب مردان بدون زن

اثر هاروکی موراکامی از انتشارات مروارید - مترجم: نیلوفر شریفی-بهترین رمان ها

موراکامی در جایی نقل می‌کند: «برای من نوشتن رمان یک چالش و نوشتن داستان کوتاه یک لذت است. اگر نوشتن رمان را به ساختن جنگل تشبیه کنیم، نوشتن داستان کوتاه به مثابه‌ی ساختن یک باغ است.» او در این کتاب که موضوع محوری‌اش «تنهایی»‌ست، از قدرتش برای مشاهده و به تصویر کشیدن زندگی مردانی بهره می‌برد که هر یک به نحوی خود را تنها می‌یابند و با شوخ‌طبعی غریب و خاص خود، مجموعه داستان «مردان بدون زنان» را به رشته‌ی تحریر درمی‌آورد، یک اثر کلاسیک درخشان و معاصر دیگر. قوه‌ی تخیل عمیق، مضامین ابهام‌آلود و تنوع در انتخاب موضوعاتش به موازات شباهت‌های جزئی اما تعیین‌کننده در خلق آثار منحصر به فرد از او یک چهره‌ی ادبی بین‌المللی و پرفروغ ساخته است... ؛


خرید کتاب مردان بدون زن
جستجوی کتاب مردان بدون زن در گودریدز

معرفی کتاب مردان بدون زن از نگاه کاربران
En ‘Hombres sin mujeres’, Haruki Murakami nos ofrece siete narraciones que giran en torno a la soledad y el aislamiento. Sus protagonistas son hombres abandonados por sus mujeres, o que han sido marcados por algún desencuentro. Las mujeres entran y salen de sus vidas, y son incapaces de una comunicación plena con su pareja. Aunque las voces narrativas sean masculinas, las verdaderas protagonistas de estas historias son las mujeres, eso sí, muy murakamianas, misteriosas, que dejan una huella imborrable en sus amantes. Pese a que la manera de narrar de Murakami peque un tanto de artificiosa en algunos pasajes, no por ello dejas de disfrutar de estas historias.

Estos son los siete relatos incluidos en ‘Hombres sin mujeres’:

Drive My Car. Kafuku, actor de profesión, busca un chófer particular.

Yerterday. Tanimura recuerda a su buen amigo Kitaru, y a la novia de este, Erika.

Un órgano independiente. El protagonista nos describe la particular manera de vida del doctor Tokai.

Sherezade. Habara, un hombre que vive recluido en su domicilio, recibe la visita periódica de una mujer que le hace la compra y las comidas, además de acostarse con él. Uno de los mejores relatos del libro.

Kino. Kino es dueño de un pequeño local. Es feliz tras la barra, sirviendo bebidas y escuchando su música de jazz, pese a que apenas tiene clientes. Sin duda, el mejor relato de la antología, con ese toque de realismo mágico tan característico de Murakami.

Samsa enamorado. Homenaje al relato de Kafka, protagonizado por Gregor Samsa.

Hombres sin mujeres. El protagonista recibe una llamada de madrugada informándole del suicidio de una antigua amante.

En resumen, una buena colección de relatos, que nos devuelven al Murakami capaz de fabular en pocas páginas.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
Още когато попаднах на разкази на Мураками в списание @Съвременник@ преди над десет години си казах - този човек умее да пише страхотно.

След този сборник, вече съм сигурен. Както и в това, че учените търсещи извънземни същества, няма нужда да ги търсят из необятния Космос - просто трябва да се заемат с японците. Те са истинските извънземни за мен, и с всеки нов роман или разказ от японски писател аз се убеждавам в това. Това прозира даже и в адаптираното според мен за вкуса на западния читател творчество на Мураками.

Сравнително ниската ми оценка на сборника е защото два от разказите въобще не ми харесаха - @Мъже без жени@ и @Влюбеният Самса@. Но пък @Независим орган@, @Шехерезада@ и @Кино@ много ми харесаха. Това са разказите, които ме поразтърсиха и накараха да се замисля, героите и проблемите им ми бяха интересни, а в съзнанието ми винаги ще остане да плава една луна, направена от лед.

Цитат:

@Сънищата са нещо, което човек може при нужда да дава и взима назаем[email protected]

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Tak tohle se mi líbilo moc. Po dlouhé době kniha, která se nedívá na lásku a vztahy z pohledu ženy, ale naopak muže. Vcítit se do mužů, jež byli podváděni, jež zůstali opuštěni, jejichž lásky k nim necítily to samé, co oni k nim. Cítit samotu, která se do člověka zažírá jak kyselina a pomalu a jistě, když je člověk sám po dlouhou dobu, se stává jedním ze znaku jeho osobnosti. Aniž by to sám chtěl.

Navíc jde o první povídkovou knihu, kterou jsem od Murakamiho četla a nutno podotknout, že jsem byla nadšená. Zvlášť teď ve zkouškovém, kdy člověk nemá na sáhodlouhé romány čas a tak jsou krátké povídky tím pravým ořechovým.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Suddenly one day you become Men Without Women. The day comes to you completely out of the blue. Without the faintest of warnings or hints beforehand. No premonitions or foreboding, no knocks or clearing of the throats. Turn a corner and you know youre already there. But by then theres no going back. Once you round that bend, that is the only world you can possibly inhabit. In that world you are called “Men Without Women”. Always a relentlessly frigid plural. (Men Without Women)

Im a longtime fan of Haruki Murakami – and particularly of his early, surrealist work – and have sadly found myself underwhelmed by his latest efforts (Im looking at you, Colorless Tsukuru). And as Men Without Women is a book of short stories, I can only say that I liked them to varying degrees; I have no idea if theyd be of particular interest to the non-longtime fan of Murakamis work. While the writing is, naturally, superb, few of these stories gave me that mental buzz that a really finely-crafted short story can evoke, and as an examination of “men without women”, I couldnt help but notice that the focus seems very narrowly trained. Theres not a huge variety of experience here: wives cheat and husbands find themselves alone – whether due to death or divorce – leaving the men literally untethered:

It feels like somehow our hearts have become intertwined. Like when she feels something, my heart moves in tandem. Like were two boats tied together with rope. Even if you want to cut the rope, theres no knife sharp enough to do it. (An Independent Organ)


He had never experienced anything like this before: he didnt love her, and the sex wasnt all that passionate, but he was so closely tied – one could even say sewn – to her physically. It was all rather confusing. (Scheherazade)


The most he could do was create a place where his heart – devoid now of any depth or weight – could be tethered, to keep it from wandering aimlessly. This little bar, Kino, tucked into a back street, became that place. And it became, too – not exactly by design – a strangely comfortable space. (Kino)

That last story, Kino, was the only one that reminded me of early Murakami – the jazz records, the cat, the main character who is forced to realise that reality isnt quite what he assumed it to be – and I enjoyed recognising that Kinos bar is the same one that the two characters from the first story (Drive My Car) frequent (which reinforced in my mind that these stories are meant to be seen as linked). After so many stories of men facing the heartbreak of having been left alone, this conclusion from Samsa in Love (a reversal of Kafkas The Metamorphosis, in which a cockroach finds himself transformed into a human and is disgusted by the experience until he meets a woman and falls for her), seems to serve as a conclusion for the whole thing:

Just thinking about her made him warm inside. No longer did he wish to be a fish or a sunflower – or anything else for that matter. For sure, it was a great inconvenience to have to walk on two legs and wear clothes and eat with a knife and fork. There are so many things he didnt know. Yet had he been a fish or a sunflower, and not a human being, he might never have experienced this emotion. So he felt.

And so: While the pain of untethering from a departed woman might be hard to bear for a man, it is better to have loved and lost and all that. Not exactly groundbreaking. And a further note: Not that I want to contribute to any stereotypes of “weird Japan”, but in a collection of stories about Japanese men and women, theres no real insight into their birthrate crisis or declining marriage rates or reports of young people being put off by even the idea of sex (Yesterday has a college-aged character who is uninterested in sex with his girlfriend, but only because they grew up together and it seems “embarrassing” to him). In this book, Murakami seems only to be writing about his own (aging) generation, and while all the wives have affairs (and several men prefer to have noncommittal affairs solely with married women) and none of the main characters have children, he seems to be reporting on the experience of a generation whose time has come and gone; theres a missing weight of relevance.

And yet: Im a longtime fan of Haruki Murakami, and will continue to read his work for as long as hes writing.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Αν κ είχα αποφασίσει να αφήσω τον Μουρακάμι ήσυχο για κάποιο διάστημα, αυτή η συλλογή μπήκε σφήνα στη βαλίτσα των διακοπών μόλις μου δώρισαν αυτή την ομολογουμένως πανέμορφη αγγλική έκδοση. Το γεγονός ότι δεν έχω διαβάσει τον Ιάπωνα στη μικρή φόρμα, μου έφτανε σαν αφορμή.

Το Men Without Women χωρίς να διεκδικεί ιδιαίτερες δάφνες ποιότητας είναι μια καλή συλλογή με 7 ιστορίες που διαβάζονται εύκολα κ γρήγορα. Το Drive My Car που ανοίγει το βιβλίο έχει πρωταγωνιστή ένα χαρακτηριστικό ήρωα που φτιάχνει εδώ κ χρόνια ο συγγραφέας κ αν αρχικά μου φάνηκε τελείως αδιάφορη, σχεδόν 2 μήνες από τότε που τη διάβασα είναι απτις ιστορίες που ακόμα θυμάμαι. Δεν μπορώ να πω το ίδιο για το Yesterday που είναι η χειρότερη στιγμή της συλλογής με τον μυστηριώδη 20χρόνο που πειράζει τους στίχους του ομώνυμου τραγουδιού των Beatles. Ευτυχώς τα 3 διηγήματα που ακολουθούν είναι πολύ καλά κ φθάνουν για να προτείνεις στους οπαδούς του Μουρακάμι να διαβάσουν το βιβλίο (σε καμία περίπτωση δεν θα το πρότεινα για πρώτη γνωριμία, αυτή θα ανήκει πάντα στο Νορβηγικό Δάσος). Το Independent Organ είναι ένα εξαιρετικό διήγημα γύρω από ένα φανατικό εργένη χειρούργο, το Kino είναι η πιο μουρακαμική ιστορία του βιβλίου (με τις γάτες του, τη jazz, τα bar κ ένα μυστήριο προστάτη του πρωταγωνιστή) κ τέλος το Scherazade που είναι το απόλυτο highlight κατά τη γνώμη μου, με απίθανη πλοκή κ εξαιρετική κορύφωση. Μένει το αδιάφορο Samsa In Love που είναι ο καθυστερημένος φόρος τιμής του Μουρακάμι στον Κάφκα κ το ομώνυμο διήγημα που ενώ ξεκίνησε πολύ ωραία στην πορεία το βαρέθηκα.

Το Men Without Women αν κ δεν φθάνει για να ξυπνήσει ξανά το ενδιαφέρον μου για τον Ιάπωνα, σε καμία περίπτωση δεν θα απογοητεύσει όσους το δοκιμάσουν.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
کتاب های مرتبط با - کتاب مردان بدون زن


 کتاب مرفی
 کتاب سرداب های واتیکان
 کتاب پاستیل های بنفش
 کتاب 61 ساعت
 کتاب مجموعه ناهمتا
 کتاب دره اتاوا