کتاب رنج های ورتر جوان

اثر یوهان ولفگانگ فون گوته از انتشارات ماهی - مترجم: محمود حدادی-بهترین رمان ها

بخش نخست رمان رنج‌های ورتر جوان، در قالب نامه است، و بخش دوم ترکیبی از نامه‌ها و گزارش گردآورنده‌ی این نامه‌ها. این اثر پس از گذشت بیش از دو قرن هنوز هم از محبوب‌ترین آثار ادبیات جهان است، زیرا نویسنده در آن، روح عصیان‌گر دوره‌ی ادبی طوفان و طغیان را به خوبی نشان می‌دهد.
داستان مربوط به نجیب زاده‌ای است که در دهکده‌ای کوچک مستقر می‌شود و دل در گرو عشق دوشیزه‌ای بسیار پاک و خوبرو به نام شارلوته می‌نهد که او نیز احساسات لطیف عاشقانه مرد جوان را پاسخگو است .آنها پیوسته به دیدار یک دیگر می‌شتابند اما ورتر نمی‌داند که دوشیزه جوان مسئولیت مراقبت از خواهران و برادران جوان‌تر خویش را دارد ;زیرا مادرشان از دنیا رخت بر بسته است ;از این رو, او با مردی منطقی و بسیار درخور اطمینان نامزد است .ورتر برای چندی از آن جا دور می‌شود اما طاقت نمی‌آورد ...


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هیچ نه انگار صد بار تصمیم گرفته‌ام به گردنش بیاویزم... خدا میداند چه دردی دارد این همه دلفریبی را در دسترس ببینی و دستت بسته باشد، آن هم جایی که دست یازیدن طبیعی ترین کشش بشری‌ است. مگر بچه‌ ها به هوای هر آنچه دلشان طلبید، دست دراز نمیکنند؟ و من....؟

مشاهده لینک اصلی
@ هان، ای باد بهاری، از چه بیدارم می کنی؟ به نوازش با من می گویی من بر تو ژاله آسمانی می بارم! با این همه وقتِ پژمردنِ من نزدیک است. نزدیک آن توفانی که برگ و بار مرا می ریزد! فردا آن رهنورد می آید، هم او که مرا در روز های زیبایی ام دیده است. نگاه او همه جا بر سر دشت می جوید و مرا نخواهد یافت[email protected]

+ نمیتونم حس ام به این کتاب رو با کلمات توصیف کنم، فقط میتونم بگم زیبا بود و شگفت انگیز! :)

مشاهده لینک اصلی
I read this book in high school. So, I dont remember much of it, except the crying. I loved the story, I could relate to many of his thoughts about unrequited love and its tragic consequences, and feeling like it was the end of the world because I wasnt with that special someone and, well. High school: Maths and lovesickness.

I cried quite a bit while reading this book, Bambis-mother-shooting kind of tears. I probably wouldnt react that way now, Id just think about how much easier it would be to move out and try to meet somebody else (or not) than crying a river and (view spoiler)[trying to kill yourself. (hide spoiler)] Id have to re-read it to find out. However, despite that particular part of the plot, it was beautifully and carefully written. Goethe described one of the most profound and dangerous kinds of pain in a delicate and graceful manner. His prose is brilliant, powerful. Besides love, and lack of love, pain and whatnot, there are passages like:
@Oh! you people of sound understandings,@ I replied, smiling, @are ever ready to exclaim Extravagance, and madness, and intoxication! You moral men are so calm and so subdued! You abhor the drunken man, and detest the extravagant; you pass by, like the Levite, and thank God, like the Pharisee, that you are not like one of them. I have been more than once intoxicated, my passions have always bordered on extravagance: I am not ashamed to confess it; for I have learned, by my own experience, that all extraordinary men, who have accomplished great and astonishing actions, have ever been decried by the world as drunken or insane. And in private life, too, is it not intolerable that no one can undertake the execution of a noble or generous deed, without giving rise to the exclamation that the doer is intoxicated or mad? Shame upon you, ye [email protected]

So, what you can get out of this really helpful review is that:
a) I cried.
b) Goethes writing is beautiful.

Aug 17, 13


* Also on my blog.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Sturm and Drang: Self-Destruction, a Tragedy of Temperament

Mostly epistolary, this short novel thrusts the reader into the province of Young Werthers psyche by manner of his letters, which are replete with verbal ejaculations, disconnected sentences and fervid flights of fancy, as he moves from summit to summit to deepening valleys.

The three main characters are Lotte, Werther and Albert, who is Lottes older fiance then husband. The men are nearly diametrically opposed: the latter is older, sensible, established, whereas Werther is immature, idealistic and unstable. Werther believes that no other female in the world exists for him than the first beautiful woman who agrees to dance with him. He simply must have her or his life is not worth living. So the narcissistic twit tries to lay a world of grief upon Lottes doorstep.

Lotte seemed she might have taken to the lad because he allured her sentimental side, and they shared a measure of passion of which Albert was wanting. On the other hand, Lottes tranquil demeanor and assumption of her late mothers duties in raising her younger siblings gave her the sensibility to realize Werther was highly unsuitable as a mate given his incurably romantic, effusive and erratic personality traits.

This was probably the first notable novel of a tragedy arising from an internal struggle with ones own feelings or emotions. It is a tragedy of temperament, rather than one caused by circumstances beyond ones control. Indeed, Id argue that this dude would have pulled his plug over his first major setback in life.

Werthers struggle is inside. The outside circumstances furnish the cause for his revealing this internal strife. He epitomizes a soul endeavoring for absolutes and straining for unconditional love, propelled by a raging river that clutches ones existence, continually mutating life into a sequence of severe intrinsic episodes. Because Werthers existence is cored on his emotions and he has no objective counterbalance or outflow into other activities, each emotion adds a centrifugal pull until his life spins into a self-destructive vortex.

It is ironic that the novel provoked a wave of suicides by young males across Europe because it emerges as more of an indictment of the perils of undisciplined passions than any kind of provocation to imitate Werther. Goethe wrote The Sufferings of Young Werther in his 25th year and it was the beginning and end of his involvement in the @Sturm and [email protected] (storm and stress) movement, given that he saw Werthers soul as the inexorable result of the unchecked emotional storms lauded by the movement, many of whose writers careers ended in suicide or lunacy.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
I picked this up with some trepidation, assuming that it would be full of stolid German angst and that I would give up after a couple of pages. However, its a perfect psychological portrait! I loved it. Werther isnt an entirely sympathetic character (he has the odd Kevin the Teenager moment) but you are entirely drawn into his world and feel the same responses as him very keenly. Its only upon finishing that you realise how Goethe has managed to completely draw you into the concerns and beliefs of one character in such an extraordinary way. Its packed with beautiful descriptions of his surroundings and the countryside. Usually I hate long descriptive passages (as a philistine I often think they detract from the story) but these are perfectly balanced with the character portraits of the various protagonists. Its beautiful writing of the highest order (even in translation) and a perfect example of how obsession can ultimately lead to personal emptiness.

Even if none of the above convinces - apparently Napoleon was a huge fan. He read it seven times.

Note on the translation - I read Elizabeth Mayer and Louise Bogans version in the Everyman selected works which comes highly recommended.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
It breaks my heart to speak ill of a book written by Goethe; but when one thinks of the countless men and women who have read this book throughout the years, weeping tears of compassion for Werther and men of his elk, it no longer comes as a surprise how misogyny and domestic violence still haunts our women to this day.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
@The things I know, anyone can know - but my heart is mine and mine [email protected]

This has got to be one of my all-time favorite books. Haunting, devastating, soul-stirring, a fist to the stomach. All the tragedy of true love in a Goethe masterpiece. The descriptive majesty of the book is beyond comprehension. A truly amazing book, one that I am happy to have read in my lifetime and one I would suggest to everyone, especially those who have loved someone more than themselves.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
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